Major and Minor Chords
We've learned how to construct the major Interval and how to construct the perfect Interval.
Major Third: Distance between the root and (3) degree.
Perfect Fifth Interval: Distance between the root and 5th.
The Major Chord
The major chord is created by combining the major third and perfect intervals.
For example, in C major, a major third interval is from C to E. A perfect interval is from C to G.
Combining these two intervals looks like the following:
C to E and C to G.
Since the root is used in both intervals and can only be played once, the C major chord is:
C + E + G.
The Minor Chord
The minor chord is created just like the major chord. the only difference is that it utilizes a "minor third" interval instead of a "major third" interval (the perfect fifth remains the same).
The minor third is a major third interval squeezed in by a half step. For example, in C major, the major third interval is from C to E.
The minor third simply lowers the E a half step to E flat. a minor third is C to E flat.
Major Third = C - E
Minor Third = C - Eb
Perfect Fifth = C - G
Combining a Minor third and a Perfect fifth creates a minor chord: C + Eb + G
Take the 1-3-5 of the major scale and play them together. Take the 1-3-5 of the minor scale and play them all together. Try learning the major and minor chords in all 12 keys. Just use the same exact pattern.
Bridge Over Troubled Water
Words and Music by Paul Simon
© 1969 Paul Simon
Moderato, not too fast, like a spiritual
C F C
Here's an advanced chord chart to the song, Bridge Over Troubled Water
If you would like to look into the formation of chords with a music theory resource in your hands, then look into 300pg Piano By Ear Home Study Course
All the best,
"Jazz washes away the dust of everyday life." -- Art Blakey